Background to the review
Leaders from around the world attending the 2011 High Level Meeting on AIDS committed to work towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and reducing AIDS-related maternal mortality. This was to be accomplished through the implementation of a new Global Plan for scaling up comprehensive prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programmes.
Despite the widely-recognized importance of communities, much of the PMTCT guidance focuses on antiretroviral drug prophylaxis during pregnancy and facility-based interventions. This review sought to address the information gap around the role of communities in these efforts.
UNAIDS commissioned this study (‘Promising practices in community engagement for elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and keeping their mothers alive’) to identify and share ‘promising practices’ that can strengthen programmes and facilitate efforts to stop HIV transmission to children and enable their mothers to remain healthy. They conducted an extensive literature review and undertook interviews with key informants.
Last year, Shashikumar Singh from SASO, Alliance Linking Organisation in Manipur in India and Peninah Kyalimpa from Nyimbwa Multi-purpose group, an implementing partner of Alliance Uganda, attended meetings held by the Coalition for Children Affected by AIDS. They and other staff, including Kate Iorpenda, Senior Technical Adviser on Children and Impact Mitigation at the Alliance, were also interviewed by the UNAIDS consultant.
The final review includes Alliance examples of ‘promising practices’:
Read more about the Alliance’s work with children.
Download the UNAIDS review.