Jamra primary scholl for children affected by HIV/AIDS, drugs or poverty, Senegal (c) Nell Freeman/Alliance Participants in the Photovioce project, Ecuador © Marcela Nievas for the Alliance
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New resources on GBV and key populations


Aids Alliance

A review of existing evidence, tools and other technical resources on gender-based violence and key populations, coordinated by the Alliance, has been published by published by AIDSTAR-Two, with the support of USAID and PEPFAR.

The two reports aim to review training and programming resources on GBV for four key populations in order to identify:

  • key existing resources to strengthen, adapt or scale-up;
  • any additional resources needed to fill specific gaps.

The four populations were: sex workers; men who have sex with men (MSM); transgender people; and people who inject drugs.

The review used the definition of GBV provided by the US Government in its Strategy to Prevent and Respond to GBV Globally.  It also used USAID’s framework of a comprehensive response to GBV.

The review reports are:

1. Annotated Bibliography: Training and Programming Resources on Gender-Based Violence against Key Populations

This includes, for each key population, a list of priority and other training and programming resources related to GBV, plus an analysis of the strengths, weaknesses and gaps in the resources found.  The report outlines that there are many materials of relevance to GBV against key populations: 111 for sex workers and approximately 40 for each of the other populations. There are very few resources available for MSM and transgender people compared to the ‘general’ LGBT communities.

2. Technical Paper: Review of Training and Programming Resources on Gender-Based Violence against Key Populations

This analysis of the cross-cutting findings from the Bibliography draws conclusions and makes seven recommendations to highlight the key issues raised and potential next steps. The recommendations target USAID and PEPFAR programming on gender and key populations. However, they could also be adapted for other relevant organizations, such as the Alliance and key population networks and their partners, as well as donors and multi-lateral agencies.

Expert advisors

For each key population, the Alliance worked in partnership with either a global network or expert consultants (see list below). Sarah Middleton-Lee, the Lead consultant for the Review on behalf of the Alliance said: “The work and support of these partners was critical to the quality and accountability of both the process and the products.”

Sex workers: Sandhya Rao and Cath Sluggett (expert consultants), in communication with the Global Network of Sex Work Projects (NSWP) &La Red de Trabajadoras Sexuales de Latinoamerica y El Caribe (REDTRASEX)*

Men who have sex with men: The Global Forum on MSM and HIV (MSMGF)

Transgender people: Joanne Keatley (expert consultant, Centre of Excellence for Transgender Health) & La Red Latinoamericana y del Caribe de personas Trans (REDLACTRANS)*

People who inject drugs: International Network of People who Use Drugs (INPUD), in communication with the International Network of Women who Use Drugs (INWUD) and the Women and Harm Reduction International Network (WHRIN).

* Responsible for identifying Spanish language resources in the Latin America and Caribbean region

The Review of Resources was commissioned by the PEPFAR Gender Technical Working Group under AIDSTAR-Two, managed by Management Sciences for Health. The Alliance provided management oversight (Kate Killberg, US-based Senior Program Officer) and the technical lead (Christine Stegling, formerly Associate Director, HIV Best Practice and Divya Bajpai, Senior Adviser, SRH/HIV Integration).

For more information, listen to this webinar here and follow along with Sarah Middleton Lee's presentation on Gender-Based Violence.