There is growing recognition of the importance of linking Sexual and Reproductive Health, Rights (SRHR) and HIV and AIDS in order to increase the effectiveness of the global response to the HIV epidemic. The majority of HIV infections are sexually transmitted or associated with pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding. The risk of HIV transmission and acquisition can be further increased by the presence of certain sexually transmitted infections.
In addition, sexual and reproductive ill-health and HIV share root causes, including poverty, gender norms and inequality, cultural norms and social marginalisation or criminalisation of the most vulnerable populations.
The global Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) will not be achieved without ensuring access to SRH services and an effective global response to the epidemic.
As most people think of their sexual and reproductive lives in a holistic way with HIV and AIDS as only one consideration, mobilising and considering sexual and reproductive well-being more broadly opens up many more opportunities for addressing HIV at different levels in ways that resonate with different groups.
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