Isabel Molina and ASOPRODEMU members, Ecuador © Gideon Mendel/Alliance Transgender leader and sex worker in Mexico distributing HIV prevention materials © Chris Martin/Colectivo Sol

Latin America

There are an estimated 1.4 million people living with HIV in Latin America.

The HIV epidemic in Latin America is concentrated among key populations. While the overall prevalence rate in most countries is between 0.5 and 1%, this sharply increases (up to an estimated 35%) among sex workers, transgender people, and men who have sex with men.

Where we work

We work with Linking Organisations in:

El Salvador

We also work across the region through the Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Programme and the regional networks RedTraSex (for sex workers) and REDLACTRANS (for transgender people).

What we do

The Alliance concentrates on working with key populations – the communities most at risk from HIV, and whose involvement is most essential for a successful response. These are transgender people, sex workers, people living with HIV, injecting drug users, gay men and other men who have sex with men.

These populations suffer high levels of stigma and discrimination. At best, they are ignored and neglected by governments and official institutions. At worst, they are repressed and driven underground by institutional or societal violence.

Negative attitudes increase the likelihood of individuals engaging in high-risk behaviour and can stop people from coming forward for early diagnosis or regular health care.

The Alliance works with key populations through programmes in Ecuador, Mexico, Bolivia, Peru, El Salvador, and Colombia. We also run a Latin America and Caribbean Regional Programme that covers most countries in the region, in partnership with major regional community networks.

In 2008 the Alliance launched Portal SIDA, a Spanish-language website that collects AIDS-related knowledge, news, events and information about organisations and people responding to HIV.

    Life expectancy for transgender people in Latin America is 35 


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