The HIV epidemic in China disproportionately affects marginalised and often criminalised groups including people who use drugs (PWUD), sex workers and men who have sex with men (MSM). China accounts for 3% of new HIV infections globally each year, and 28% of these are among MSM. Around 6% of people who inject drugs in China are living with HIV.

The Alliance has worked on HIV in China for the last decade, supporting the national response to HIV by strengthening community organisations with the financing and tools they need to fight HIV.

During 2017, Aids Care China reached 27,146 adults, adolescents and children with HIV treatment, care and support services; and over 44,000 people with HIV prevention activities. They have successfully advocated against the criminalisation of people who use drugs by encouraging state actors to refer them to community-based treatment centres instead of to compulsory detoxification centres. In 2017, the government in the province of Yunnan validated this model by officially taking over the community-based treatment centres that Aids Care China started in 2013 as a pilot project and developed over the last few years.

Aids Care China is part of the Alliance’s Integrated Harm Reduction Programme that works with people who use drugs, their partners and children, and is a follow-on to the Community Action on Harm Reduction programme.

Watch: two powerful films from Aids Care China

Watch the two videos on Aids Care China's work below. The first one is about take-home methadone, which is making it easier for people to stay on a methadone programme by allowing prescriptions to be taken home. Previously they had to visit the clinic frequently, and often had to travel long distances from their homes or places of work, making it difficult for them to maintain their methadone use.

The second film is about a community based treatment centre piloted by AIDS Care China. Through powerful personal testimonies it shows how a simple facility can help to change a person's life.