Instituto para el Desarrollo Humano (IDH) is at the forefront of HIV and AIDS prevention and sexual health education in Bolivia.

IDH has been an Alliance Linking Organisation since 2005.

Bolivia is one of the poorest and least developed countries in Latin America. Despite a low overall HIV prevalence of 0.2%, key populations at higher risk of HIV infection are disproportionately affected. This includes men who have sex with men, with a prevalence of 11.6%, as well as sex workers and transgender people. The majority of people living with HIV are young (67% of notified cases). Consequently IDH’s work focuses on reaching key populations, teenagers and young adults.

IDH’s work


In order to prevent HIV and foster a better understanding of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) among Bolivian youth IDH carries out training in schools to educate teachers, and suggest innovative approaches to incorporate these into their teaching.

Human Rights

IDH’s approach is to increase knowledge of rights to empower people and prevent new HIV infections. IDH works with key populations as well as the general population, raising awareness and reducing stigma and discrimination. Once a year IDH organises the ExpoSIDA, a large-scale education event reaching thousands of young people.

Another key component of their work is to provide training and capacity building to partner organisations. IDH received support from the Alliance to strengthen organisations of people living with HIV, sex workers, men who have sex with men, and transgender people in order to encourage their participation in decision making spaces and increasing their access to health services.


IDH target the government’s health and education programmes to ensure that sexual health and HIV prevention is incorporated in Bolivia’s national curriculum, and that quality healthcare is available for people living with HIV and key populations.

Comprehensive healthcare

Through IDH, healthcare and psychological support is provided to people living with HIV and their relatives in order to improve adherence to antiretroviral drugs.  IDH also trains healthcare professionals and medical students about issues related to HIV.

Key achievements

  • As a result of IDH’s advocacy work, a resolution was passed in 2008 by the Ministry of Health and Sports. It amended the new Bolivian constitution, making it mandatory for health programmes and services to provide comprehensive healthcare to everyone without discrimination and respect the dignity and rights of key populations.
  • Thanks to IDH’s influence it is also unconstitutional to discriminate on the grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity.
  • Also among IDH’s achievements is the successful advocacy for Law 3729 - the Prevention of HIV/AIDS, which sets out a comprehensive response to HIV in the country.
  • IDH are negotiating with the education sector for HIV and sexual health to be incorporated into three subjects on the curriculum.
  • In 2011 IDH reached 50 decision makers of leaders through advocacy. Read more about our annual achievements on our interactive map.