International Secretariat

India HIV/AIDS Alliance (Alliance India) is a diverse partnership bringing together committed organisations and communities to support sustained responses to HIV in India.

Approximately 2.4 million people are living with HIV in India.  Of them, 61% are male, 39% are female, and 3.5% are children.

India’s efforts to address HIV—a collaboration of government, civil society and donors—have increased access to needed services and helped reduce HIV incidence. The most recent estimate of adult HIV prevalence in the country is 0.31% (2009); India’s epidemic is concentrated in high-risk groups, where HIV prevalence is about 15-30 times higher than in the general population:

  • 4.9% among sex workers
  • 7.3% among men who have sex with men (MSM)
  • 9.2%  among people who inject drugs

Through a vibrant network of implementing partners, Alliance India supports the delivery of effective, innovative, community-based HIV programmes to key populations affected by the epidemic. Complementing the Indian national programme, Alliance India works through capacity building, technical support, knowledge sharing and advocacy.

You can find out more at the Alliance India website.



  • In 2011:
  • 76 organisations supported financially
  • 10,444,029 condoms distributed
  • 210,367 people reached directly through services (excluding information, education and communication materials and/or activities and referrals)
  • 102 organisations provided with technical support


Working with key populations

Pehchan: MSM, transgender and hijra communities

With Global Fund support, Pehchan builds the capacity of 200 community-based organisations (CBOs) for men who have sex with men (MSM), transgenders and hijras in 17 states in India to be more effective partners in the government’s HIV prevention programme. Pehchan is implemented by Alliance India in consortium with Humsafar Trust, SAATHII, Sangama, and SIAAP and will reach 453,750 MSM, transgenders and hijras by 2015. It is the Global Fund’s largest single-country grant to date focused on the HIV response for vulnerable sexual minorities.

Read more about the project here.

Avahan: Female sex workers, MSM and transgender populations

Funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Avahan aims to reduce HIV transmission and the prevalence of STIs in vulnerable high-risk populations, specifically female sex workers, MSM, and transgenders, through prevention education and services such as condom promotion, STI management, community mobilization, and advocacy. Now in Phase II, Avahan works in six states. Alliance India is a state lead partner in Andhra Pradesh and has reached 43,000 people with HIV prevention activities, treated more than 130,000 STIs, distributed 2.26 million condoms, and provided technical support to 40 CBOs and NGOs.

Community Action on Harm Reduction (CAHR): People who use drugs

CAHR is a global project that aims to expand harm reduction services in five countries to more than 180,000 people who inject drugs, their partners and children by 2014.

In India, the CAHR project is called ‘Hridaya’ and is implemented by Alliance India with SASO and a number of other CBOs and networks working with people who inject drugs. Hridaya aims to build the capacity of service providers, make harm reduction programmes gender sensitive and advocate for the rights of people who use drugs.

You can find out more on the project’s website:

The project is funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Government of the Netherlands.

Chanura Kol: Women who use drugs

Chanura Kol is an Elton John Foundation-funded project in Manipur which works with women who use drugs. It aims to decrease HIV transmission and reduce drug relapses.

Designed with community input, Chanura Kol provides long-term shelter for women who use drugs and encourages them to rebuild family relationships. This pilot project is implemented in collaboration with SASO, SHALOM and DPU and will reach 700 women by 2013.


Koshish: SRH and rights for people living with HIV

Koshish, a European Commission-funded programme, strengthens civil society organisations and networks to advocate for policies and strategies on sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) for people living with HIV in India. Koshish specifically works with organisations and networks that work with people living with HIV and other marginalised groups.

Alliance India leads this project in partnership with MAMTA, PWDS, VMM and CHETNA, along with state-level networks for people living with HIV.

Action Project: SRH and rights for young people

The Action Project aims to improve the SRHR of young people in South Asia through community mobilisation and advocacy. It is funded by the European Commission and focuses on marginalised young people, including MSM, transgenders, sex workers, people who use drugs, and people living with HIV.

Young people receive skills training and SRHR information at youth groups and are mobilised for advocacy via peer-led sessions to support more responsive SRHR policies for young people. In India, the project is implemented by Alliance India in partnership with MAMTA and SASO.

Technical support

India hosts the Alliance Regional Technical Support Hub for South Asia, which provides technical assistance to strengthen local responses to HIV and AIDS. Find out more about the Hubs.

The South Asia Hub was established to build the capacity of civil society organisations, government and the private sector in the region to respond more effectively and efficiently to HIV/AIDS.

Click here to find out more about the South Asia Hub.



Continued advocacy and action for communities and key populations affected by HIV in India.


India HIV/AIDS Alliance

Kushal House, Third Floor, 39 Nehru Place, New Delhi 11 0019, India


  • People living with HIV
  • HIV prevelance
  • Deaths due to AIDS

     India has put high-risk groups at the heart of its national HIV prevention strategy